You are working as a first aider as part of a private medical cover team at a festival event. The weather has been fine, and thousands of people have been enjoying the entertainment. As you walk around the site with your medical response bag, a group of people call over to you for help. You walk up to find a 20-year-old female on the floor having a seizure. You radio for assistance and the control centre confirms help is coming. Her friends say she started about 2 minutes ago, she’s never had any medical problems before. There was no trauma involved.
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The patient is on their back having a seizure. You note a grunting sound and see their airway is full of vomit. What action can you do to help clear the airway
With her friend’s assistance you place the patient on their side. The vomit starts to drain from the airway. If available and trained to use, what else could be used to clear the airway
With the airway clear, the patient continues to convulse on her side. You get some coats and bedding to try and protect the patient from injuring themselves. You note the patient is going blue around her lips and face. What is this known as
You recognize hypoxia, where the patient has insufficient oxygen levels. What can be given to help reverse hypoxia
You place O2 on the patient and normal colour starts to return. Following another minute of fitting, the patient stops. You start to assess them again, seeing that the airway is clear of vomit, but their breathing is at 4 breaths per minute. Is this a viable rate for the patient
The breathing remains at 4 per minute, what action should you do to manage this
Using your ventilation device (BVM, Pocketmask…), you ventilate the patient. What rate are you aiming to ventilate at
You are successfully ventilating the patient and are maintaining their airway. Your back up arrives with a Paramedic and another responder. The Paramedic asks you to continue managing airway and breathing while they start their assessment. They note the patients’ pupils are ‘pinpoint’, given the setting what does this indicate
The Paramedic draws up a medication and administers it to the patient. The medication reverses the effects of opioid overdose. What is its’ name