You are in a local park having some relaxation time with family/friends. It has been a warm day and the area is very busy. Cutting across the chatter of people, you hear some screaming and shouting. A mother is calling for help as her 4-year-old son has jumped into the lake, but now is missing. People start to jump into the water to search for the child. Emergency services have been called and are on their way. After 5 minutes, one of the helper’s shouts that they have found him and starts carrying the unresponsive child back to land. Bystanders now surround the child but no one knows what to do. People start calling out if anyone knows first aid.
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The area is safe, and you introduce yourself as a first aider and start to assess the child. You try to wake the child but there is no response. You see no signs of injury or bleeding, what is your next assessment
You investigate the airway and see it is full of water. You have no equipment with you, what can you do to clear the water
You turn the patient on their side and a lot of water leaves the airway. The airway is now clear, what do you assess next
You listen for breathing and try to feel for a pulse. After 5 seconds there is no breathing effort and no palpable pulse. In a drowning patient with no breathing or pulse, what should you try to do at the start before attempting resuscitation
You give 5 rescue breaths and check again for breathing but still no response. You start doing CPR on the patient. At what ratio should you do compressions to ventilations in a child
What should you request bystanders to get where available
There are no AED’s nearby, so you continue to do CPR. The bystanders are offering to help you, how often should you swap with someone doing chest compressions to maintain their effectiveness
After 2 rounds of CPR, the patient takes a breath and starts to groan. He starts to be sick. What position should you place him in
You hear sirens approaching and see that the child is starting to come round. People are starting to place towels on the child to keep them warm. A Paramedic approaches and you give handover of the events. Which of the following information will you include