Zygomaticomaxillary fractures (broken cheekbone/upper jaw): The zygomas (cheekbones) are attached at several points to the upper jaw (maxilla) and bones of the skull. Fractures to the cheekbone(s) might also involve breaks in other facial bones nearby. Signs and symptoms can include:
Orbital fractures (eye socket): There are three main types of orbital fractures:
Signs and Symptoms can include:
Mandible (lower jaw): The mandible holds the lower teeth in place and moves when you are talking or chewing. Fractures of the lower jaw affect the sections that supports teeth and surrounding structures. Signs and symptoms can include:
Mid-face (Le Fort fractures): Blunt force trauma tends to cause fractures along three lines of weakness in the mid-face. One characteristic of all types of Le Fort fractures is the fracture of the pterygoid processes, part of the sphenoid bone. There are three main types of Le Fort fractures, but there may be individual variations.
Le Fort I: The fracture extends above the upper jaw (maxilla).
Le Fort II: The fracture extends from the lower part of one cheek, below the eye, across the bridge of the nose, and to the lower part of the other cheek.
Le Fort III: The fracture extends across the bridge of the nose and the bones surrounding the eyes.
Signs and symptoms within the mid-face can include: